Encinitas, California – The California coastal city of Encinitas is located in northern San Diego County, about 26 miles north of San Diego and about 95 miles south of Los Angeles. Interstate I-5 services the city and connects it to all points north and south. Coastal Highway 101, which goes through the city, is an older and more interesting north-south route. Encinitas is situated along six miles of Pacific coastline characterized by cliffs, coastal beaches, flat-topped coastal areas, rolling hills, and steep mesa bluffs. It is embraced by two lagoons: the Batiquitos Lagoon to the north and the San Elijo Lagoon to the south.
Founded over 100 years ago, Encinitas originally consisted of five separate communities which were joined together at the time of the city’s incorporation in 1986. Although now one city, Encinitas retains the personalities of these communities, which are now five distinct city districts: “Historic Encinitas” is a small beach side area with a variety of businesses and housing styles; “New Encinitas” is a more recently developed district which features upscale homes, a golf course, and a shopping center; “Cardiff-by-the-Sea” is an oceanfront community made up of quaint single-family homes dotting the hillsides; “Leucadia” has an older downtown area and is famous for its giant eucalyptus trees; and “Olivenhain” (translated as “olive grove” in German) is a semi-rural region in eastern Encinitas with acres of open horse country and pastures. The largest single industry in Encinitas today is the growing of ornamental flowers; in particular poinsettias.